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Bolus Thrombolysis in Venous Thromboembolism (19)

Bolus Thrombolysis in Venous Thromboembolism (19)Results
The results are shown in Table 1 and Figures 4, 5, and 6. Increasing doses of heparin did not influence the lysis of fibrin in either saline- or rt-PA-treated rabbits. Heparin efficiently inhibited thrombus growth in saline-treated rabbits. This effect was found only with high doses of heparin in rt-PA-treated rabbits. Thrombus weight values were in keeping with the results of the fibrinolysis and thrombus growth-inhi-bition experiments.
Discussion
Our data confirm that the efficacy of heparin as an adjunct to rt-PA therapy is dose-dependent. They also provide a clue to explain the apparent discrepancy between the results of different experimental studies.- The difference in the results is likely to be due to the use of “therapeutic” doses in some studies (activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT] prolonged 2-fold above the baseline values) and of larger doses in the others (aPTT prolonged 6- to 8-fold above the baseline values). Our study provides evidence that the level of anticoagulation may play a role in preventing thrombus extension after thrombolysis with rt-PA; thus, the efficacy of heparin could be improved by increasing the dose. Increasing the dosage of heparin is not safe in humans. Thus, there is a need for antithrombotic agents more effective than heparin when administered to the same prolongation ofaPTT.

Table 1—Effect of Heparin on rt-PA-lnduced Lysis

Treatment Fibrinolysis, % Thrombus Growthf Thrombolysis, %
Saline 40±3 (11 ±2) 67±7 (61 ±4) 43±4 (12±2)
Heparin
30U 42±4 (11 ±2) 63±5 (46±4) 46±6 (13±2)
50U 41 ±3 (12±3) 61 ±6 (32±3) 54±5 (13±2)
100U 44±2 (14±2) 41 ±5 (23±4) 58±4 (14±2)
200U 46±3 (14±3) 29 ±3 (19 ±3) 63±6 (16±2)

Figure-4

Figure 4. Effects of increasing doses of heparin (anti-Xa U/kg) infused over 3 h with rt-PA, 0.4 mg/kg, or with saline on lysis of preformed fibrin.

Figure-5

Figure 5. Effects of increasing doses of heparin (anti-Xa U/kg) infused over 3 h with rt-PA, 0.4 mg/kg, or with saline on fibrin accretion on preformed thrombi.

Figure-6

Figure 6.Thrombolytic effects of increasing doses of heparin (anti-Xa U/kg) infused over 3 h with rt-PA, 0.4 mg/kg, or with saline. Thrombolysis was assessed by wet weight of the residual thrombosis.

Category: Venous Thromboembolism

Tags: thrombolysis, thrombolytic agent, venous thromboembolism

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